No. But it probably was sent correctly. As was said above, there is a notification given to the recipient and which can be found in the notification mails. If it is your alt you sent it to, the notification will be there which includes the name of the station.
If it is someone else, they are possibly scamming/lying to you, or they aren’t looking in the correct place. Deliveries go into a special hanger, so it is easy for a player not used to the mechanic to overlook an item. Ask them to double check their notifications, and look in the deliveries hanger for the item. If they still claim it wasn’t delivered, I would tend to believe they are pulling a fast one and you are being lied to.
If it was your alt or you absolutely trust the other person, and you can’t find the notification in the mail of the recipient, I would then file a petition. If you delivered it to the wrong character, I don’t know what CCP’s policy is on reversing that, but at least you will know it was a real error on your part, and it truly didn’t just disappear due to a bug or server glitch.