Been flying logi so long on my low sec character I am not sure if this is true or not. It seems that one looses sec status (moves you towards or possibly further into the negative side of the standings scale) for shooting a pod anywhere in empire space (high and low sec). I still believed it to be true based on the comments heard from the DPS pilots on comms and the crap I take because my characters sec status is barely into the negative side of life. So that brings the question to those who are more familiar does this loss still happen?
Why do I ask, because it is relevant to the questions asked by the OP. While it is legal to shoot back once shot at and no standing loss of any kind would occur for shooting their ship, one should at the very least be aware of any sec status loss that may come as a result of shooting someones pod and since I am not sure of this I simply bring it up for others to comment on.
OP sec status is separate from your other standings and I bring this up because once your sec status drops to -5 you are a target for everyone the moment you enter high sec. If you play tha majority of your time in high sec watching your sec status is an important part of that game style.