Providence has been the only area that’s clung to NRDS (Not red don’t shoot) policy for the majority of it’s existence. The rest of null is NBSI (Not Blue Shoot It).
It’s been able to do so due to several alliances, most notably CVA, who’ve tried to keep Providence that way… and the fact that the space is probably the least desirable in all of null.
Because of that policy, Providence has been perhaps the easiest place for newer players to get their toes wet in null because the “local” groups give them a station to dock at don’t shoot them on site.
It also has very lax security due to the NRDS policy compared to other parts of null. And the many new pilots often have less that ideal skills at avoiding danger. This means those who ARE red can easily come visit and find targets. Providence is in many ways the place other alliances come when bored to blow stuff up. It is one of the busiest regions in null due to that fact.
The local residents emotional attachment to Providence (again… especially CVA) also results in a tendency to attempt to defend and failing that re-take the space despite the fact there are more lucrative and easier to defend bits of null available. CVA has been kicked out of providence at least twice and then keeps coming back.