You’ve done the right thing by reaching out for advice and you’ll definitely get plenty of it and some people may even agree with each other and (shockingly) may even stay relevant to your questions!
@Wombat65Au_Egdald’s advice is good. But I’ll add my tuppenny worth.
Everything you do in Eve has permanent consequences - it is one of the joys of life in New Eden and why Eve is unlike any other game of this size.
If you loose a ship that loss is permanent, it doesn’t magically reappear somewhere. You can buy a replacement but this isn’t Call of Duty where dying is a laugh and you respawn with the same gun and equipment as if nothing has happened.
You’ll get attached to your ship - that’s not unusual, you are human after all - but don’t forget it’s a thing, you can buy another; assume you will lose it. Remember it, don’t mourn it.
And make sure you can afford to replace it.
If you end up in your pod (the little egg) then go to a station. You will be given a corvette by the insurers (a Navitas in your case, each Empire has its own corvette they are all “not very good” - a Frigate is a good step up). It’ll be packaged in your ship hangar. Assemble it (they are packaged for sale and to make them smaller for fitting in the cargo holds of other ships) and then change to it - all on the right mouse button menu). You can fit a few modules, such as guns or mining lasers (for extracting ore from asteroids, maybe a repairer or shield booster and you’re good to go.
As you will have discovered Eve is a deeply complex game - and you are starting out at the entrance to the rabbit hole. Dive in, get lost down here and always ask. Eve has a reputation for calculating ruthlessness, but there are also staggering moments of kindness and generosity. Ruthless when needed is more the rule.
Most people will want to find a way of earning ISK. Some people mine asteroids, some dive deep into wormholes to explore and hack open relics of past civilisations for loot to sell, some run missions for agents or manufacture items to sell, or wheel and deal on the markets, or act as hauliers for others. There’s analogous jobs in New Eden for most occupations in the “real” world. There are even bandits and con-men.
Perseverance is important, as with many things worth while, instant gratification isn’t as rewarding as the understanding that will come from learning how Eve works. Skill training will feel slow, but just because you can sit in a big ship doesn’t mean you actually know how to fly it, and without know how to fly it safely you will probably loose it very quickly. Use Skill training time to learn how to fly and live in New Eden.
Anyway, that’s enough rambling from an old grey fool. Feel free to ask questions, and if you wish drop me a line in game (that’s a general offer to new players).
Fly as safely as you wish.